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Comparison of Bacterial Endotoxin Testing Methods 

In Purified Pharmaceutical Water Matrices

September 09, 2020


Current bacterial endotoxin testing systems can be labor-intensive and time-consuming, involving several manual pipetting steps. In our quality control laboratory, annually, we test about 15,000 samples of different grades of purified water, WFI and water samples taken to validate cleaning procedures for endotoxins. We are currently using the Kinetic-QCL™ assay which is a pharmacopeia method that provides reliable results. We compared this assay with another Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL)-based assay (Endosafe®-MCS) and an alternative endpoint fluorescent recombinant Factor C (rFC) assay (ENDOZYME II GO®). Both these assays have been developed to reduce analyst preparation time. Our objective was to assess if they could increase the throughput of our testing while maintaining low rates of invalid results. The results demonstrated that the two most appropriate methods for rapid endotoxin detection in water are our current assay, K-QCL, and the rFC-based assay, ENDOZYME II GO. This latter assay was found to be less sensitive to interference than our current assay, particularly in cleaning validation water samples. It also showed better performance, accuracy, repeatability and had a shorter time-to-results. ENDOZYME II GO assay allows quick testing of large numbers of samples with reliable results and is a good alternative for conventional LAL assays [....]